Visa Requirements:Visa on arrival
Languages Spoken:Bahasa Indonesia, English
Currency Used:Indonesian Ruphee
Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [rɛpublik Indonesia)is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania. Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans, it is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands.
At 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), Indonesia is the world's 14th-largest country in terms of land area and world's 7th-largest country in terms of combined sea and land area. It has an estimated population of over 261 million people and is the world's fourth most populous country, the most populous Austronesian nation, as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country.
Indonesia's size, tropical climate, and archipelagic geography, support the world's third highest level of biodiversity after Brazil and Colombia. Its flora and fauna is a mixture of Asian and Australasian species. The islands of the Sunda Shelf (Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and Bali) were once linked to the Asian mainland, and have a wealth of Asian fauna. Large species such as the tiger, rhinoceros, orangutan, elephant, and leopard, were once abundant as far east as Bali, but numbers and distribution have dwindled drastically.
Places To Go
Indonesia is a Southeast Asian nation made up of thousands of volcanic islands. It is a home to numerous ethnic groups, speaking many various languages. Indonesia is a vacation paradise, it is widely known for its white sand beaches, Komodo dragons, volcanoes, colorful reefs and astonishing flora and fauna. No matter how much time you devoted for a vacation to this marvelous country, it isn’t going to be enough. Nevertheless, it is encompassing around 17 000 islands!
If you want to enjoy picturesque beaches, you’d make a right choice going to Gili, Bali, Lombok, Banyak or Bintan. If you are a surfing fan, it’s worth to go to Bali, southeast of Java, Lombok or Sumbawa. The ideal places to discover active or dormant volcanoes are Java island or Lombok.
Bali is one of the top tourist destinations worldwide for travelers who are out to visit a "tropical paradise". Bali offers beautiful beaches and stunning landscapes and is famous for its rice terraces, its architecture, and its friendly inhabitants. Bali offers an ever increasing number of high- end amenities- from top international restaurants, to an international standard nightlife, and luxurious hotels.
Indonesia's massive capital, sits on the northwest coast of the island of Java. A historic mix of cultures with a comprehensive nightlife, and many culinary options. – Javanese, Malay, Chinese, Arab, Indian and European – has influenced its architecture, language and cuisine. The old town, Kota Tua, is home to Dutch colonial buildings, Glodok (Jakarta’s Chinatown) and the old port of Sunda Kelapa, where traditional wooden schooners dock.
Often called “Jogja” is a city on the Indonesian island of Java known for its traditional arts and cultural heritage. Its ornate 18th-century royal complex, or kraton, encompasses the still-inhabited Sultan’s Palace. Also within the kraton are numerous open-air pavilions that host classical Javanese dance shows and concerts of gamelan music, characterized by gongs, chimes and plucked string instruments.
Capital of Indonesia’s West Java province, is a large city set amid volcanoes and tea plantations. It's known for colonial and art deco architecture, a lively, university-town feel and – thanks to its 768m elevation – relatively cool tropical weather. Bandung is also a shopping destination, with fashion outlets clustered along Jalan Setiabudi and Jalan Riau in the Dago district.
The town of Ubud, in the uplands of Bali, Indonesia, is known as a center for traditional crafts and dance. The surrounding Ubud District’s rainforest and terraced rice paddies, dotted with Hindu temples and shrines, are among Bali’s most famous landscapes. Ancient holy sites include the intricately carved Goa Gajah (“Elephant Cave”) and Gunung Kawi, with its rock-cut shrines.
An Indonesian island east of Bali and west of Sumbawa, part of the Lesser Sunda Island chain. It's known for beaches and surfing spots, particularly at Kuta and Banko Banko (in south Lombok). The motor-vehicle-free Gili Islands (Gili Trawangan, Gili Air and Gili Meno), off Lombok’s west coast, offer more beaches, reefs for diving and snorkeling, and a sea turtle hatchery.
A port city on the Indonesian island of Java. A vibrant, sprawling metropolis, it mixes modern skyscrapers with canals and buildings from its Dutch colonial past. It has a thriving Chinatown and an Arab Quarter whose Ampel Mosque dates to the 15th century. he Tugu Pahlawan (Heroes Monument) honors the independence battles waged in Surabaya’s streets in 1945.
A city in East Java, Indonesia. Prized by the Dutch for its mild highland climate, the city retains much of its colonial architecture. The Balai Kota building blends Indonesian and Dutch styles, and grand mansions line the main boulevard, Jalan Besar Ijen. North of the city, the Buddhist-Hindu Singosari Temple ruins are a remnant of a medieval kingdom. To the east is Mt. Bromo, a volcano with hiking trails.
The capital of Indonesia’s North Sumatra province. The huge Maimun Palace and octagonal Great Mosque of Medan dominate the city center, combining Islamic and European styles. Just north are Jalan Selat Panjang street, famed for its ethnic food stalls, and Tjong A Fie Mansion, a museum in a former Chinese merchant’s home. Southwest is the striking Indo-Moghul Catholic church of Graha Maria Annai Velangkanni.
Lying along the equator, Indonesia's climate tends to be relatively even year-round. Indonesia has two seasons—a wet season and a dry season—with no extremes of summer or winter. For most of Indonesia, the dry season falls between April and October with the wet season between November and March.
Indonesia's climate is almost entirely tropical, dominated by the Tropical rainforest climate found in every major island of Indonesia, followed by the Tropical monsoon climate that predominantly lies along Java's coastal north, Sulawesi's coastal south and east, and Bali, and finally the tropical Savanna climate, found in isolated locations of Central Java, lowland East Java, coastal southern Papua and smaller islands to the east of Lombok.
However, cooler climate types do exist in mountainous regions of Indonesia 1,300 to 1,500 meters (4,300 to 4,900 feet) above sea level. The oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb) prevail in highland areas with fairly uniform precipitation year-round, adjacent to rainforest climates, while the subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb) exist in highland areas with a more pronounced dry season, adjacent to tropical monsoon and savanna climates.
Some regions, such as Kalimantan and Sumatra, experience only slight differences in rainfall and temperature between the seasons, whereas others, such as Nusa Tenggara, experience far more pronounced differences with droughts in the dry season, and floods in the wet. Rainfall in Indonesia is plentiful, particularly in West Sumatra, West Kalimantan, West Java, and Papua. Parts of Sulawesi and some islands closer to Australia, such as Sumba is drier. The almost uniformly warm waters that make up 81% of Indonesia's area ensure that temperatures on land remain fairly constant. The coastal plains averaging 28 °C (82.4 °F), the inland and mountain areas averaging 26 °C (78.8 °F), and the higher mountain regions, 23 °C (73.4 °F). The area's relative humidity ranges between 70 and 90%.
Indonesia is on the 72nd place of the safest and most dangerous countries ranking. Be aware of the ongoing terrorist threat in the region. (There’s been attacks in Starbucks, police stations and other locations visited by tourist’s in recent years)
From July to October there is a smoke haze (due to the burning of forests) on the northwest part of the country, thus people with asthma and other allergic illnesses might take it into account before planning a trip.
Indonesia is infamously known for a range of crimes. The most common are thefts of a different kind in the areas that often visited by Westerners. Pick-pocketing, armed carjacking, and residential break-ins are common. Beware of your surroundings, criminal might follow you.
Areas of concern in Jakarta: Block M in the South of the city. The area where a large number of expatriates live. Notoriously known for nightclubs where drink spiking takes place, prostitution, drugs, and other criminal activity. If there is need to visit this area be particularly vigilant.
The Ancol Port area and other neighborhoods in North of the city. Has the highest crime rate among other districts. Poorly known for a divert illegal activity. Prostitution is blooming there, provoking often police raids in the local establishments.
This is the list of bars and pubs who have a poor reputation and might be dicey for visitors: Alexis, Colosseum, Crown, Illigals, Malioboro, Millie’s International, Paragon Club, Stadium Lounge, Sun City, and V2 Karaoke.
Piracy occurs in the coastal areas around Indonesia. Mariners should take appropriate precautions.
Rabies might be a threat in Indonesia, consider that being in the places with a high density of animals. Do not provoke animals for aggression.
OVERALL RISK: MEDIUM
Indonesia has a relatively moderate safety risk – some parts are very safe, others are very dangerous. It is ranked 72nd out of 162 on the ranking of the safest and most dangerous cities.
PICKPOCKETS RISK: HIGH
As a frequently visited tourist destination, the risks of petty crimes exist. Pick-pocketing might be a problem, though using common sense and following high degree of cautions, will almost eliminate chances of being robbed. Vigilance in all public place is recommended.
MUGGING RISK: MEDIUM
Muggings can occur, be aware of any suspicious activity, use only reputable taxi services and refrain if possible from traveling both by car or a taxi during the night. Kidnapping is rare. There are known cases when pirates kidnap fishermen’s in the coastal areas around the Indonesia. Exercise high safety precautions travelling by water.
SCAMS RISK: MEDIUM
Credit cards frauds are the number one fear of every tourist. In order to prevent being a victim, keep an eye on your credit card while doing the transactions. In a case of the necessity to withdraw the money, use those ATM’s which is located in the bank or shopping malls. All forms of gambling are illegal according to the local laws. Do not participate in any kind of gambling activity, as it may cause serious losses.
TRANSPORT AND TAXIS RISK: MEDIUM
The Maritime transport system is very developed and its condition and safety regulations significantly better than in the neighborhood countries. The main maritime carrier is Pelni. On their website you can purchase tickets to make your trip faster, safer and more convenient: www.pelni.co.id. However in general safety standards are lower in Indonesia than in the US or any other European country, thus use the services of reputable companies. The inland transport is in a wide variety. Most used by tourist’s types of transport are buses, becak (trishaws) and ojek (moto-taxi). Book a taxi only by phone, or online services. Double check that your taxi is official and has a meter. Most common examples of a crime involving taxis are: Taxis leave before you retrieved the luggage from the trunk; Taxi drivers force passengers to withdraw money from credit cards at ATMs. Renting a car or a motorcycle, be aware that road conditions and drivers behavior on the road differ significantly from those you are used to. Traffic is highly congested and drivers drive unpredictably and in an unsafe manner.
NATURAL DISASTERS RISK: HIGH
Volcanic activity, tsunamis, and earthquakes are among main natural hazards. Monitor local warnings and follow local instructions. As per Mid of November 2017 the Volcano Mount Agung on Bali shows highly increased activity and is expected to erupt shortly
TERRORISM RISK: HIGH
The probability of the terroristic attack is high. Exercise the high level of caution. Since 2010, the local authorities disrupted plans of the terrorist attacks in the following areas: Bali, Banten, West Nusa Tenggara, Jakarta, Lampung, East Java, Central Java.
TRAVELERS RISK: MEDIUM
Sexual assault is a threat in Indonesia. Female newcomers should exercise a high level of caution. Avoid visiting bars and clubs unaccompanied. Drink spiking was used in the most cases of assaults.